The choice of anti-aging cosmetics is more than diverse. To understand whether a product will work, it is important to look not only at the reviews and brand name but also at what the cream or serum consists of. Dermatologists recommend women pay attention to the composition of the products that they apply daily to their skin and highlight the seven most useful and effective ingredients in anti-aging cosmetics with pronounced effectiveness.
Caffeine is so popular in the cosmetic industry because of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. According to studies, when applied topically, caffeine can protect the skin from ultraviolet rays. Moreover, it is able to prevent and eliminate the already present signs of photoaging. In addition to the anti-aging effects, caffeine constricts blood vessels, eliminating dark circles and puffiness under the eyes, which usually worsen with age.
Coenzyme Q10 is a fat-soluble compound found in our body, in mitochondria cells. Its task is to fight free radicals in cells. With age, the level of Q10 in the body decreases, mainly due to exposure to sunlight on the skin, so it becomes lethargic and lifeless. Recently, coenzyme Q10 has become one of the most popular components of anti-aging cosmetics and this is not just a marketing strategy.
Studies confirm that creams with Q10 activate collagen production and stimulate the growth of connective tissue cell fibroblasts. As a result, skin aging slows down. In addition, Q10 reduces the production of melatonin, which means that it prevents the appearance of age spots.
Resveratrol is a polyphenol found in grape skins, dark chocolate, peanuts, blueberries, apple peels, and other products. It is a powerful antioxidant that protects cells from destruction. Resveratrol activates a certain type of protein in our body which is responsible for the restoration of damaged cells. But with age, they lose their efficiency and require additional stimulation. As part of cosmetics, resveratrol activates the antioxidant defense of the skin, fights free radicals and increase recovery.
Retinol is one of the forms of vitamin A. It penetrates deep into the skin and acts on the cellular level. Retinol accelerates the process of cell regeneration, retains moisture, smoothes wrinkles, and brightens age spots. Retinol itself is a capricious element that loses all its properties when contacting with air. Therefore, scientists are working on creating new varieties of retinol molecules that are more stable, and cosmetologists mix it with different molecules before adding to the cosmetics.
Retinol is a very effective anti-aging ingredient, but you should use it carefully. It can cause irritation. People with sensitive skin should use cosmetics with a retinol concentration of no more than 0.025%.
Peptides are amino acids and proteins that contribute to the production of collagen which is the main building material of our skin. This is a natural element for the human body, which we get from food. Peptides quickly and deeply penetrate the skin even when applied topically as a cream. They enhance the production of collagen, elastin, hyaluronic acid, and activate the ability of cells to regenerate.
Like peptides, vitamin C enhances the skin's ability to produce collagen. It protects the skin from UVA and UVB rays. However, the problem is that vitamin C is not very effective when applying it to the skin with cream. However, it is often included in anti-aging cosmetic products.
Vitamins E and K are antioxidants, so they also help reduce the signs of aging and protect the skin from damage. If you apply a little oil with vitamin E before using sunscreen, it can enhance its effect. Vitamin K is especially useful for getting rid of dark circles under the eyes.
Hyaluronic acid is another must-have ingredient in cosmetics for all ages. This is a powerful moisturizing component that is found in our skin but decreases with age due to exposure to the sun, improper lifestyle and other factors. As part of cosmetics, hyaluronic acid moisturizes the skin, smoothes wrinkles, and increases skin protection barrier.
However, it is important to understand that topical agents have a temporary effect, and the effect will be noticeable only while you are using cream or serum. For long term results, you may try stem cell injections, botox, or fillers.