8 Alarming Causes of Vaginal Bleeding You Shouldn’t Ignore

In most women, vaginal bleeding is associated with periods that are completely normal. However, there are several other causes that can be quite dangerous. In most cases, spotting or bleeding between periods should make you visit a doctor for a check-up. In this article, we gathered eight alarming causes of vaginal bleeding you shouldn’t ignore.

1. PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that is caused by a hormonal disorder. This disease develops when a woman’s body produces an excessive amount of androgens (male hormones). If a woman has PCOS, her ovaries are filled with small cysts or growths. This can interfere with the ability to get pregnant because affected ovaries can’t release the egg.

The most common symptoms of PCOS include acne, excessive facial hair, pelvic pain, irregular periods, bloody discharge, and infertility. Due to the fact that this disease, is quite dangerous, it requires timely and proper treatment. If you have noticed at least some of the symptoms listed above, you should make an appointment with the doctor as soon as possible.

2. Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that grow on the uterine walls. This is a quite common condition and many women have fibroids. However, due to the fact that they can develop almost asymptomatic, most women with fibroids don’t even suspect that they are affected. In most cases, a woman is diagnosed with uterine fibroids during the pelvic exam. Since the gynecologist can’t recognize fibroids without additional tests, an ultrasound, MRI, or hysterosonography are usually required. 

Despite the fact that fibroids usually don’t cause any symptoms on early stages, large or multiple fibroids can lead to pelvic pain, pressure, and bloody discharge during or after sex. Uterine fibroids treatment can help you get rid of such symptoms.

3. Uterine polyps

Uterine polyps are often confused with uterine fibroids. However, you should know that they are completely different conditions. When uterine fibroids can occur in women during their reproductive age, uterine polyps most often develop in women after their 40s. It is also important to know that approximately five percent of uterine polyps can become precancerous and cancerous. That’s why it is recommended to remove them right after the diagnosis.

Uterine polyps can also develop without any alarming symptoms. However, large polyps can protrude through the cervix and cause bleeding during sexual intercourse. If you have noticed bloody discharge after sex, it’s hight time to visit a doctor.

4. Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is a quite dangerous condition since it has life-threatening complications and can develop without any obvious symptoms at the same time. Endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus) tends to grow and shed throughout the menstrual cycle. Endometrial cancer occurs when the endometrial cells start to grow abnormally. 

The main problem is that it is quite difficult to distinguish normal endometrial cells from cancerous cells. However, there are a few symptoms like pelvic pain and bleeding between periods that can help recognize endometrial cancer. The most common treatment option for endometrial cancer is surgery. 

5. Cervical cancer

As well as endometrial cancer, cervical cancer can also develop asymptomatic. Due to the fact that cervical cancer occurs when cervical cells start to change, regular gynecological check-ups are essential. You should also know that human papillomavirus (HPV) of 16th and 18th types are considered the main cause of cervical cancer. That’s why it is recommended to perform a Pap test every few years. 

Cervical cancer is usually accompanied by painful sensations during sex and vaginal bleeding. The most common treatment options for cervical cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

6. Pregnancy disorder

Despite the fact that bloody discharge during pregnancy is considered a normal part of fetus development, bleeding can manifest serious complications such as ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage. An ectopic pregnancy is a term that is used to describe a condition in which a fertilized egg implants itself in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.

Miscarriage is a condition when the fetus dies in the first two trimesters of pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage can manifest themselves through vaginal bleeding. Moreover, both these conditions are life-threatening and requite special medical attention. 

7. STIs

Due to the fact that most sexually transmitted infection (STIs) don’t cause any symptoms at the initial stages, they can be unknowingly passed between partners. However, you should understand that there is no type of contraception that can guarantee complete protection from certain STIs. For example, human papillomavirus can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact. As mentioned above, human papillomavirus can lead to cervical cancer. 

You should also know that chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause bloody vaginal discharge. If you have had unprotected sex, it is essential to visit a gynecologist and perform STI testing to avoid complications. If left untreated, STIs can advance into a serious condition like PID.

8. PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition that usually develops as a result of untreated STIs. The most common symptoms of PID include:

  • Pain in the abdominal area
  • Bloody discharge
  • Smelly discharge of unusual color
  • Fever

Without timely and prop[er treatment, PID can lead to infertility. Due to the infection, scarring and blockage can occur. This makes the conception impossible. Despite the fact that PID can be easily treated with the help of antibiotics, such scares are irreversible. That’s why any symptoms should alarm you and make you visit a doctor as soon as possible.

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Tags: Bleeding, Vaginal, health, women's

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