It is vitally important to stay hydrated. Your body consists of about 60% and the loss of even 2% of water may cause mild dehydration. This will decrease your energy levels, mood, and cognitive function. A sunny day, exercises are obvious things that may cause dehydration. However, there are many hidden culprits that may dry up your body. 

Check these 8 unexpectable dehydration causes to prevent dehydration and related health problems. 

1. Periods

Hormones that your ovaries release(estrogen and progesterone) during menstruation may affect your body's hydration level. For this reason, it is important to increase fluid intake during your menses. Some women who have a heavy period may experience dehydration due to blood loss. If you are one of those women with heavy periods, then control your water intake to prevent dehydration. 

2. Low-carb diet

A low-carb diet can make you lose a few pounds of water that can lead to fatigue, weakness, headaches, and dehydration. It might look good on your scales but is actually bad for your body and hydration level. For this reason, it is extremely important to increase your water, salt, and mineral intake when you start a low-carbohydrate diet. By drinking a little water, you run the risk of dehydration and consciousness loss.

3. Stress

Stress causes your adrenal glands to produce more stress hormones. Permanent stress may drain your adrenal gland and cause adrenal insufficiency. This will interfere with the production of the hormone aldosterone. Aldosterone helps our body regulate electrolytes and water levels. Lack of aldosterone in the organism may trigger dehydration and low electrolyte levels. 

Increasing water intake may help replenish fluid levels only in the short term. The only long term solution is to reduce your stress levels. 

4. Medications

Certain medications have a diuretic effect and may cause dehydration. Medications that lower blood pressure is a common example. Any drugs that have such side effects as diarrhea and vomiting, may potentially cause dehydration. Even some pain-relieving medications prescribed by your pain doctor may dry up your body. For this reason, it is important to study the instruction and side effects of medications prior to taking them. 

5. Diabetes

Patients with diabetes always run the risk of dehydration. If your blood sugar is too high, your body tries to get rid of excess sugars through the urine. Your frequent trips to the bathroom may cause dehydration. If you are a diabetic and experience frequent need to urinate, then it is extremely important to drink enough water. Talk to your doctor about how you can improve your blood sugar control to prevent dehydration. 

6. Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome is a condition that may cause dehydration. The symptoms of IBS like nausea and chronic diarrhea may easily deplete your body of water and electrolytes. Patients who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome often limit themselves in foods that they think may trigger IBS symptoms. If their diet is poor in fluid-rich foods, this may contribute to dehydration. 

7. Drinking alcohol

Alcohol inhibits an antidiuretic hormone that usually maintains normal fluid levels in the body. It causes your cells to shrink, pushing more fluid to your bladder. Moreover, alcohol affects your ability to feel the early signs of dehydration. All this can significantly lower your body's hydration levels and cause severe dehydration.

8. Age

Seniors have a higher risk of dehydration. As your age, your body’s ability to conserve water decreases. The feeling of thirst becomes less obvious, so it is easier for elder people to become dehydrated. It is important to keep a bottle of water near you and monitor how much water you drink during the day. 

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