Сracks, corns, plantar warts, calluses, and dry skin are not only unsightly, but they are also uncomfortable. The foot has a lot of sweat glands and almost no sebaceous glands. Hence all these foot problems. In addition, in the spring and summer, we experience a lack of vitamin A, which regulates the formation of the stratum corneum of the epidermis. The stratum corneum is the outer layer of the skin and serves as protection between the organs and the environment. Let’s figure out what to do about corns, calluses, and warts.
In the international classification of diseases ICD-11, corns and calluses belong to section EH92. These are hard patches of rough skin that appear as a result of friction or pressure. Oddly enough, such growths perform an important function - to protect the skin. They can occur on any part of the body which is constantly rubbed - for example, guitarists can have corns on their fingertips.
Blisters (wet calluses containing tissue fluid on the upper layers of the skin) often occur on the toes and heels. Dry superficial calluses (hard, keratinized areas of the skin containing dead epithelial cells) usually occur on the fingers and joints and are caused by constant friction. Corns primarily appear on the feet. They have a core of thickened skin tissue and often cause chronic pain, particularly in the forefoot. In some cases, corns may result in ulcer formation.
The damaged area of the skin is treated with an antiseptic. However, if you regularly experience calluses or corns, you may have problems with your feet, gait, and posture. Consult a foot doctor in order to avoid the effects of poor posture, poor digestion, impaired lung function, constricted nerves, and poor circulation.
Plantar warts are benign neoplasms on the skin which are often confused with corns. But if you notice dark spots (small clogged blood vessels) inside the corn this indicates a plantar wart. Another distinctive feature is when pressing on a wart, you may feel a sharp pain. Unlike corns and calluses, warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). The slightest cuts or damage to the skin help the virus to get inside the body. Each person’s immune system responds differently to HPV. Not everyone who comes in contact with this virus has warts. Even people in the same family react to this virus differently.
Warts are not dangerous and, as a rule, can disappear on their own within a few months (sometimes several years). But in some cases, warts can cause complications, for example, due to discomfort, you will reflexively shift the center of gravity. This will affect posture and spine health. Corns usually occur on the feet while warts may appear anywhere. Children, people with a weakened immune system, and those who have had plantar warts before are more likely to develop plantar warts.
To prevent plantar warts, it’s important to keep feet dry and clean, change shoes and socks daily, avoid walking barefoot around locker rooms and swimming pools and avoid direct contact with warts, including your own warts or wash hands carefully after touching a wart.